Population genetics and animal improvement as illustrated by the inheritance of egg production.

by I.Michael Lerner

Publisher: Cambridge U.P

Written in English
Published: Pages: 342 Downloads: 275
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Edition Notes

SeriesCambridge biological studies series
The Physical Object
Number of Pages342
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL18854471M

ISRAEL MICHAEL LERNER lion of selection inclices, creclitec! by commercial poultry producers as responsible for substantial increases in egg production. Two of Lerner's books (Population Genetics and Animal Improvement, , en c! Genetic Basis of Selection, ) were highly influential in transforming animal brawling from an art to a. molecular genetics, and population genetics. Transmission genetics examines the principles of heredity; molecular genetics deals animals between approximat years set of genetic information that is passed to the egg and sperm. The process of selecting animals based on their genetics has helped advance agricultural productivity over the past 50 years. A good example of genetic improvement is in poultry breeding. Between and , poultry breeders selected traits to increase the body weight of broiler (meat) chickens. Animal breeding, controlled propagation of domestic animals in order to improve desirable qualities. Humanity has been modifying domesticated animals to better suit human needs for centuries. Selective breeding involves using knowledge from several branches of science. These include genetics, statistics, reproductive physiology, computer science, and molecular genetics.

About this book. Now in its seventh edition, Animal Science and Industry remains an outstanding, easy to read introduction to the principles of animal science as well as the industry of animal production and management. It provides comprehensive coverage vital to the proper care and well-being of animals, including animal nutrition and digestion, environment, health, behavior, reproduction. ADVANCED ANIMAL GENETICS Application of selection, mating systems, and molecular biology to genetic improvement of livestock, horses, and poultry in the United States. Description of applied breeding programs from elsewhere in the world. New findings in the inheritance of biological, disease resistance, and behavioral traits. Pre: ALS Population Genetics defines evolution as any change in the genetic composition of a population over time. It is based on four factors including: 1) natural selection, 2) mutation, 3) random genetic drift, and 4) migration into or out of the population.   Ecology and genetics can influence the fate of individuals and populations in multiple ways. However, to date, few studies consider them when modelling the evolutionary trajectory of populations faced with admixture with non-local populations. For the Atlantic salmon, a model incorporating these elements is urgently needed because many populations are challenged with gene .

Male Reproductive Anatomy. In the male reproductive system, the scrotum houses the testicles or testes (singular: testis), including providing passage for blood vessels, nerves, and muscles related to testicular function. The testes are a pair of male reproductive organs that produce sperm and some reproductive hormones. Each testis is approximately by cm ( by 1 in) in size and. The most common livestock cloning method, somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) can increase animal production efficiency by creating groups of animals with desirable traits. On top of this, nuclear transfer technology can help maintain and increase the genetic diversity of animals, aiding the survival of endangered breeds.

Population genetics and animal improvement as illustrated by the inheritance of egg production. by I.Michael Lerner Download PDF EPUB FB2

Buy Population Genetics and Animal Improvement as Illustrated by the Inheritance of Egg Production on FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders. Book: Population genetics and the animal improvement as illustrated by the inheritance of egg production. + pp. Abstract: This book really serves two purposes, it is primarily a textbook of population or herd genetics but since the inheritance inheritance Cited by: 2.

Population Genetics and Animal Improvement: As Illustrated by the Inheritance of Egg Production.I. Michael Lerner. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, pp.

$Author: Arne W. Nordskog. Population genetics and animal improvement as illustrated by the inheritance of egg production. Cambridge [Eng.] University Press, (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: I Michael Lerner.

THE application of the discoveries of the mechanism of heredity, first to the problems of the inheritance of characters showing continuous variation, and then to the questions facing animal breeders, has been very gradual.

At the start, this was due to the lack of workers capable of bridging the gap between genetics and biometry, a gap which in this country had been so widened by the Cited by:   In Population Genetics and Animal Improvement, subtitled “As illustrated by the inheritance of egg production in poultry,” Lerner () outlines the population and quantitative genetic principles and practice, and he specifically acknowledges his indebtedness to.

This production model depends for its success on the three pillars of the industrial production models. Genetics: Constant improvement of production Population genetics and animal improvement as illustrated by the inheritance of egg production. book based on genetic selection accounts for over 85% of the gains (with nutrition optimized for these high-performance breeds) observed in broiler and layer varieties of poultry.

The gene pool had a cohesion, or exhibited homeostasis, a term invented by I. Michael Lerner () in his book, Population Genetics and Animal Improvement, and quickly picked up by Dobzhansky and Wallace. Mayr was delighted by this new genetics and discovered that many geneticists who studied natural populations, or domestic populations, had.

•Mendelain (Genetics) populations and the gene pool Principles are the basis of 2 specialized areas of genetics with major implications for animal improvement i.e. Population and Quantitative Genetics •Inheritance and maintenance of alleles and genes within a population of randomly breeding individuals.

The 20th Century saw an astonishing advance in our understanding of genetics and the scientific basis of the genetic improvement of farm animals.

The application of genetic principles to chickens. Scientific and technological advancements have led to great expansion of poultry sector in last few decades.

The development of genetically superior stocks capable of higher production, even under adverse climatic conditions, has transformed poultry from rural farming to full-fledged industry within 30–35 years. Increase in production volume and productivity per bird may largely be. Illustrated by the Inheritance of EggProduction.

MIichael Lerner. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, pp. $ Although the author assumnes that the reader has only an elemtientary knowledge of geneties and statis-tics, this book is primarily addressed to teaehers, in-vestigators, and advanced students of animal genetics.

Li Ching Chun - An introduction to Population Genetics; Lerner I.M. - Population Genetics and Animal Improvement. As Illustrated by the Inheritance of Egg Production; Wright Sewall.- The Genetical Structure of Population.

The science of animal breeding is concerned with the application of the principles of population genetics to the improvement of domestic animals. Population genetics deals with the forces that influence the genetic composition of biological populations and owes its existence to developments in evolution and population biology and to the global.

The genetic correlation between egg production to d and mean weight of first 10 eggs was estimated as +/- but from the observed response a realised genetic correlation of was.

Heritabilities, dominance variation and genetic correlations (r pc) among purebred and crossbred performance were estimated for egg production (number of eggs produced between 19 26 and 38 and 26 and 54 weeks of age) and egg quality traits (average egg weight, shell strength) in four generations of two nucleus lines of egg-laying chickens and their cross, all reared in similar.

In multivariate quantitative genetics, a genetic correlation (denoted or) is the proportion of variance that two traits share due to genetic causes, the correlation between the genetic influences on a trait and the genetic influences on a different trait estimating the degree of pleiotropy or causal overlap.

A genetic correlation of 0 implies that the genetic effects on one trait are. The 20th Century saw an astonishing advance in our understanding of genetics and the scientific basis of the genetic improvement of farm animals. The application of genetic principles to chickens in the s and s led to a rapid change in the productivity and efficiency of laying hens and broiler chickens, turkeys and ducks.

Division of Animal Genetics Population genetics by Knud Christensen Danish populations of domestic animals/production per year, rounded numbers. Figure Populations: DogsCatsHorsesSheep quantitative genetic inheritance is caused by the effect of many different genes, each with minor effect.

The. for each animal and each trait. These values will be used in the selection process. Genetic improvement in layers for egg production and quality Continued on page 16 36 0 — 4 weks B —80 weeks r e a k i n g s t r e n g t h g) Fig. Breaking strength trend over the year measured at Inheritance of Economic Traits in the Regional Cornell Control Population 1 STEVEN C.

K I N G 2 Poultry Research Branch, Animal Husbandry Research Division, ARS, Regional Breeding Laboratory, Purdue University, Lafayette, Indiana (Received for publication Septem ) Poultry NOWLEDGE of genetic parameters is useful in designing.

This book wasdeveloped as atextbook for my course Genome (Population Genetics). Many people have contributed to the production of these notes, particularly students Theoretical population genetics (or theoretical evolutionary genetics) is arguably the area.

in,for. Animal Genetics and Breeding. About Department. The Department has mandates on Research, Teaching and Extension in the area of Animal Genetics & Breeding, Human Resource Development in the area of Animal Genetics & Breeding, consultancy and Development of superior germplasm and its dissemination to farmers and stakeholders involved in Animal Husbandry development in the country.

"CESMM 3 Explained is a detailed and highly illustrated manual on the use of the new Civil Engineering Standard Method of Measurement." "An analysis of the 26 classes is provided together with a standard description library for each. Define population genetics and describe how scientists use population genetics in studying population evolution Define the Hardy-Weinberg principle and discuss its importance People did not understand the mechanisms of inheritance, or genetics, at the time Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace were developing their idea of natural selection.

There are real opportunities in animal breeding to serve the current livestock industry. Lush developed a graduate programme starting in the s that produced students trained to apply the principles of population genetics to the improvement of domestic livestock.

Animal breeding as a modern SCIENCE belongs to the 20th century. Before modern production, a number of domesticated varieties of birds existed, each with their own unique qualities. The two most common traits that were selected for were egg production and meat production.

In some cases birds produced more meat to eat, while others were better for producing eggs, but most birds were good for both egg and meat.

Xu, S. and W.M. Muir. The application of ridge regression to multiple trait selection indices. Journal Animal Breeding and Genetics Muir, W.M.

and D.L. Patterson. Genetic and environmental associations of uncollectible egg production with shell quality, rate of lay, and erratic timing of oviposition in White Leghorn hens.

Full text of "Principles of commercial poultry breeding; a semi-technical account of recent developments in genetics applied to breeding for the improvement of economic traits in the breeder, the hatcheryman, and the commercial poultryman" See other formats PRINCIPLES OF COMMERCIAL POULTRY BREEDING ¥1 I.

MICHAEL LERNER v I - UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA • COLLEGE OF. Egg production and size: genetic improvement in egg production and size is challenged by the highly canalized nature of the trait as determined by diurnal photoperiodic constraints; negative genetic correlations between egg production and early egg size; variation in the rate of increase in egg size with age; and the need to predict persistence.

- A population consists of all the members of a species that occupy a particular area at the same time e.g: dandelion population of school field. - The members of a population are more likely to breed with one another than with other populations of the same species. - Therefore, genes tend to stay in the population for generation after generation.Population Genetics and Animal Improvement as Illustrated by the Inheritance of Egg Production.

Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, Genetic Homeostasis.Population genetic theory permits us to connect our results to the existing body of theory on kin and group selection in natural populations. The quantitative genetic perspective allows us to see how breeders have used knowledge from relatives and family selection in the domestication of plants and animals to improve the welfare and production.